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Wednesday, May 30, 2007

Black tea

The water for black teas should be added at the boiling point (100°C or 212°F), except for more delicate teas, where lower temperatures are recommended. This will have as large an effect on the final flavour as the type of tea used. The most widespread fault when making black tea is to use water at too low a temperature. Since boiling point drops with rising altitude, this makes it difficult to make black tea properly in hilly areas. It is also recommended that the teapot be warmed before preparing tea, easily done by adding a small amount of hot water to the pot, swirling for a short time, before discarding. Black tea should not be allowed to steep for less than 30 seconds or more than about five minutes After that, tannin is released, which counteracts the stimulating effect of the theophylline and caffeine and makes the tea bitter . Therefore, for a "wake-up" tea, one should not let the tea steep for more than 2-3 minutes. When the tea has brewed long enough to suit the tastes of the drinker, it should be strained while serving.
Adult Halloween Costumes

Monday, May 14, 2007

Liver transplantation

Liver transplantation is the only choice for those with irretrievable liver failure. Most transplants are done for chronic liver diseases leading to cirrhosis, such as chronic hepatitis C, alcoholism, autoimmune hepatitis, and many others. Less commonly, liver transplantation is done for fulminant hepatic failure, in which liver malfunction occurs over days to weeks.
Liver allografts for transplant generally come from non-living donors who have died from incurable brain injury. Living donor liver transplantation is a technique in which a portion of a living person's liver is removed and used to replace the entire liver of the recipient. This was first performed in 1989 for pediatric liver transplantation. Only 20% of an adult's liver (Couinaud segments 2 and 3) is needed to serve as a liver allograft for an infant or small child.

Adult Halloween Costumes